Posted: Jun/07/2016 at 6:27pm – author: dflemons
I am afraid this suggestion is rooted in a misunderstanding. FARS does, indeed have two separate Person Levels; one for Motor Vehicle Occupants and one for Not a Motor Vehicle Occupant. However FARS also DOES group or classify Occupants of Motor Vehicles NOT in Transport as Non-Motorists. This is also consistent with D16.1 definitions
2.2.35 occupant: An occupant is any person who is part of a transport vehicle.
2.2.39 pedalcyclist: A pedalcyclist is any occupant of a pedalcycle in-transport
2.2.40 motorist: A motorist is any occupant of a motor vehicle in-transport
2.2.41 non-motorist: A non-motorist is any person other than a motorist.
It is important to understand them all and something of their implications.
The following chart progression for FARS might be helpful:
FARS only divided its Person Levels in 2010 so that data entry could become more streamlined and automated to some degree. (For examples, Restrain Coding could be automatically bypassed for people not in Motor Vehicles; Non-Motorist Actions could be bypassed for people in Motor Vehicles; etc.)
The reference to the remark on the FARS element P3 in the FARS 2016 coding manual is merely a note that Motor Vehicles Not in Transport are not numbered separately from Motor Vehicles In Transport so an Occupant of a Motor Vehicle (In Transport or Not) gets assigned to the vehicle number she/he was in.
A similar misunderstanding (or the same one) has led to a proposed change in MMUCC. Clarification will be needed there too. Currently, FARS, MMUCC and ANSI D16.1 all agree with respect to Person Type definitions and classification
Rather than the “Proposed solution: Move inclusion item “Occupants of transport vehicles not in-transport” from 2.2.41 (non-motorist) to 2.2.35 (occupant).
I offer the
Alternative Proposed solution: ADD inclusion item “Occupants of transport vehicles not in-transport” from 2.2.41 (non-motorist) to 2.2.35 (occupant).
1. An Occupants of a Transport Vehicle Not in-Transport is already an “Occupant” by definition (2.2.35)
What may not be as clear is that an Occupant of Transport Vehicle Not in-Transport is also a Non-Motorist by definition (2.2.41) as depicted in the previous charts